‘Muktadhara’ (The Waterfall) is a well-knit play by Rabindranath Tagore written in 1922. It is a symbolic play takes place at Uttarakut, a fictional country ruled by the King Ranajit.

Uttarakut is a mountainous country with a road leading to the temple of Bhairava and opposite to this is a framework of a big devastating iron machine standing tall against the blue sky intimidating the passersby.


Muktadhara is a mountain spring, a waterfall, whose water flows down Uttarakut and irrigates the lands below. Shiv-tarai, the nearby country, largely rely on the waterfall for irrigation.

King Ranajit, the King of Uttarakut, also rules Shiv-tarai in a dictatorial way. The tyrannical king desires to imprison the water of Muktadhara in order to control the source of their economical well being. So he orders a dam to be built across the waterfall to prevent the water reaching Shiv-tarai.

Bibhuti, the royal engineer, takes over the hazardous and most complicated mission to accomplish a large dam be built across with the help of modern science and machines. Finally, Bibhuti has the devastating dam built with the loss of the lives of several conscripted labours.

The crown Prince Abhijit dislikes the callous attitude of the King towards Shiv-taraians. He sympathizes the people of Shiv-tarai and protests against the dam. When he comes to know that he was a foundling child found beside the mouth of Muktadhara, he develops an attachment to the waterfall. He determines to demolish the dam somehow and believes to attain a spiritual freedom thereby. Finally he has the dam destroyed on a defining day and swept away with the water ensuring his spiritual freedom.

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