THE ELEVATION OF THE DEPRESSED CLASSES BY G K GOKHALE

‘The elevation of the depressed classes‘ is an invigorating speech delivered by Gopal Krishna Gokhale at the Dharwar Social Conference on 27th April, 1903. The speech is passed over as a resolution on the elevation of the depressed classes (untouchability) – concerns with the lowly position of the Harijans of India and the injustice meter out against them. Unfortunately, after […]

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BALI THE SACRIFICE BY GIRISH KARNAD

Bali The Sacrifice is a play written by Girish Karnad in Kannada as ‘Hittina Hunja‘ in 1966.  Girish Karnad seem to suffuse gender issues in this play. But this play is not familiar like his another play, Nagamandala, which also deals with the similar theme namely the treatment of female. The story is taken from Jain mythology. It […]

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THOUGHT THE PARACLETE BY AUROBINDO

Thought the Paraclete is a more complicated poem by Sri Aurobindo. A pre-independence poem written in 1934. The title is metaphoric and the whole poem is mystical. It lends itself to a several interpretations and poses a new meaning at every sitting, sometimes sounds philosophical, sometimes intellectual and mystical sometimes. THOUGHT THE PARACLETE As some bright archangel […]

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LARINS SAHIB BY GURCHARAN DAS | DETAILED SUMMARY

‘Larins Sahib‘ is a historical drama by Gurcharan Das. Published in 1970, the action of the play is based on the events in Punjab during 1846-47. The political condition in Punjab becomes unstable after the death of King Ranjith Singh and when British had influenced the power of the state. The development of hubris brings about the […]

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A HANDFUL OF RICE BY KAMALA MARKANDAYA

A HANDFUL OF RICE ‘A Handful of Rice‘ is a Kamala Markandaya’s haunting novel about the plight of poor, wretched life. A novel about the struggle for survival, it was published in 1966. The protagonist finds life a struggle everywhere. Everything he needs is a handful of rice, but the struggle to gain it is not less […]

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UNTOUCHABLE BY MULK RAJ ANAND

UNTOUCHABLE ‘Untouchable‘ is the first novel by Mulk Raj Anand, published in 1935. This novel is a portrayal of ground reality in India, about the suppressed. He throws floodlight on the darkest spots of the untouchability that prevails till date. It is said that this novel is based on an experience of Anand’s aunt who was […]

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COOLIE BY MULK RAJ ANAND

COOLIE BY MULK RAJ ANAND ‘Coolie‘ is a novel by Mulk Raj Anand published in 1936. It criticizes the exploitation of poor in the name of caste and social class. Coolie is a pathbreaking novel which enhanced Mulk Raj Anand’s position as a novelist and clinched a permanent place for him among Indian novelists. Anand’s other […]

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KANTHAPURA BY RAJA RAO

‘Kanthapura‘ is a novel by Raja Rao, published in 1938. It is primarily an account of freedom struggle in India. The action of the novel takes place at Kanthapura, a fictional village in South India. Moorthy, the protagonist of the novel, is a staunch follower of Gandhian principles. He propagates at every doorstep, the significance of […]

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THE ENGLISH TEACHER BY R K NARAYAN

‘The English Teacher‘ is an autobiographical novel by R K Narayan published in 1945. It is one of his several novels set in Malgudi.  The novel is dedicated to R K Narayan’s wife Rajam. ‘The English Teacher’ is among his semi-autobiographical trilogy along with Swami and Friends and The Bachelor of Arts. Malgudi is a fictional town first introduced in […]

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LINES FOR A PHOTOGRAPH BY R PARTHASARATHY

‘Lines For A Photograph‘ is a poem written by R Parthasarathy. It portrays a girl in a photograph, her physical attributes and some unforgettable events in her life. It was first published in ‘Illustrated Weekly of India‘ along with ‘Stairs‘. It consists of 20 lines. Various interpretations are given to the lines of the poem; literal, […]

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